A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers. The well water is drawn by an electric submersible pump, a vertical turbine pump, a hand pump or a mechanical pump (e.g. from a water-pumping windmill. It can also be drawn up using containers, such as buckets, that are raised mechanically or by hand.
Aqua Sprinklers are experienced in all types of water well construction utilizing cable tool, dual tube, reverse circulation and the direct rotary drilling method.
A shallow well is jetted in the ground with a garden hose. Shallow wells go down around 24” deep. For shallow wells most of the time you go past the water and have to come up. With shallow wells you should put 1 well per quarter horse power of your pump. Say you have a 1 horse power you would need 4 wells. Each well should pump at least 5 gallons per minute.
There are 2 ways to drill a deep well.
One is called a cable drill and the other is a rotary drill. A cable drill bangs the pipe in the ground a rotary drills a hole. A deep well usually have a 4” casing but go 2” 3” 6” 8”. With a deep well the water is in the casing. Depending on the lift would determine what kind of pump if your lift is 18” or less, you could have a pump above the ground. If deeper than 18” you should put a submersible pump down. That will go in the 4” casing with submersible wire and drop pipe that pipes in the pump.
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